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God and judgement or How can a loving God send people to hell? [Sermon Notes]

StNicholas Goulburn


God and judgement
How can a loving God send people to hell?
Sermon Notes From Sermon
Presented By The Reverend Ross Hathway
On The 28th Of May, 2017

Psalm 145:17-20 & Luke 16:19-31

Introduction: Sarah Irving Stonebraker, article “How Oxford and Peter Singer drove me from atheism to Jesus”.
This morning: Judgement implies hell. New atheists don’t like this.
A quick scan of references:
19 references to Hell or Hades in New Testament.
60-70 texts warning directly of the judgement of God in the future.
Dozens of others indirectly refer to the judgement of God in the future.
Psalm 145. Righteousness of God: loving to those who call on him and honour/fear him.
Luke 16. Parable of the Rich man and Lazarus.

(a)  There is continuous existence after death.
There is the reality and torment of Hades. 
(The abode of the unsaved dead between death and judgement).
There are no second chances after death.
The impossibility of the dead communicating with the living.

Context is the hypocrisy of the Pharisees.
God is just, impartial and sees all.
He is discerning about the condition of the human heart.

The rich man is sent to hell to eternal torment.
The poor man goes to be with Abraham.
At the time of Christ this was the same as saying he was with God eternally, because Abraham was the Father of the faithful people in the history of ‘Old Testament’.

Illustration: The concepts of heaven and hell are increasingly alien to our postmodern world.
Nowadays, the idea of God’s judgement and being lost and condemned, forever is too much for people.

Illustration: Furore of Margaret Court in the newspapers in May.
To make absolute a truth claim is an affront for a lot of people.
If you want to know what water is like, don’t ask a fish.
We need to be become convinced ourselves about what the Bible says, if we are ever going to have conviction in our lives about God’s judgement.

The Bible’s Outline
Sin is slavery.
Idolatry is slavery.
Sin is not just about breaking rules.
It is making something besides God our ultimate value and worth.
Often it is the misuse of good things God has made.
Substitute Gods are relentless enslaving us mentally and spiritually even to hell if we let them.
It can be an idea, our business our career, our art, even our family.
It can be our house and the fittings.
Bunnings can be.
We try to find salvation through worshipping things that end up deceiving, controlling and ultimately destroying us.

CS Lewis in the Great Divorce.
People stubbornly choose hell.
In fact, they are enslaved because they freely choose to be.
They would rather have their freedom (as they define it) than salvation.
Genesis 3:4-5 Adam and Eve: the serpent’s delusional lie, is that if they did as God said they would lose their human greatness.
But, their choice actually ruined their greatness.
Hell is as Lewis says: the greatest monument to human freedom.
THE SUMUP. Sin is slavery.

Hell is less exclusive than so called tolerance.
What do you say to the person who says I don’t think God would send a person to hell for holding the wrong belief?
The majority of thinking out there is that we develop a good record and show it to God and he owes us.
The Gospel says God gives us Jesus / salvation, then we offer ourselves to him (for example, Mark 8, Romans 12 etc).
In other words, to say a good person not just Christians can find God is to say that good works are enough to find God. (Ephesians 2:8)
You can believe that faith in Christ is not necessary or you can believe that we are saved by Grace, but you can’t believe in both at once.
So to say that good people can find God and that bad people can’t is really quite exclusive.

The Bible, say that people who know they aren’t good enough can find God, and the people who think they are good do not find God.
So, non-Christians who believe their moral efforts help them reach God are excluded.

So, both approaches to God are exclusive, but the Gospel is way less exclusive.
It says it doesn’t matter what you have done, or who you are.
It doesn’t matter if you have been at the gates of hell you are so bad, the Gates of heaven are wide open, you can be welcomed fully and instantly in Christ.
THE SUMUP. Hell is less exclusive.

No Love without wrath.
How do you reply when people say that their God is too loving to exclude people one for their sin?
Answer: What about the cross?
Didn’t it cost God agony?
They reply that it was not necessary.

Great irony here. People want to make God more loving but in doing so they make him less loving.
They end up with a sentimental God who is just passive, benign, like what people see Buddha as.
You end up with nice feelings and ethics but it is not the love of the God of the Bible.
There is no joyful self-abandonment, no humble boldness, and no constant sense of wonder.
No Love so amazing so divine that it demands my soul my life my all.
Christianity: The essence of salvation is knowing a person.
As with knowing any person there is repenting and weeping and rejoicing and encountering.
The Gospel calls us into wildly passionate intimate relationship with Jesus Christ.
Infinitely better than being mastered by idols.
That is the core of true salvation.

A wrath-less God cannot be a loving God.
The God of the Bible is fiercely passionate about people.
He doesn’t just shake his head in dismay and just let foolishness pass like we might do if we were a relative stranger or when reading the newspaper.

Anger isn’t the opposite of love.
Hate is the opposite of love and the final form of hatred is indifference.
Illustration:. How the Nazi hierarchy viewed the Jews.
A parent who loves their child hates in them the traits of lying, drunkenness and being a traitor.
If we as imperfect as we are can feel that way about our flawed children,
How does God feel in his moral perfection?
God’s wrath is not a cranky explosion, but his settled opposition to the cancer of sin, which is eating the insides of the human race, that he loves with his whole being.

It is because of the doctrine of judgement and hell that Jesus’ proclamation of grace and love are so astounding.
If we dismiss hell we automatically depersonalize and degrade the necessity of the cross.
Yes, God will judge.
Challenging. The text tells us that human being are slaves to sin.

Are we listening?
And I think that’s why the rich man’s brothers would not have listened if Lazarus had been permitted to go and tell them.

Can you be good without God? [Sermon Notes]

StNicholas Goulburn


Can you be good without God?
Sermon Notes From Sermon
Presented By The Reverend Ross Hathway
On The 21st of May, 2017

Psalm 34 & 1 John 1:1-10

Rationale:  Christians have accused atheists of being immoral and recently atheists have responded that it is quite possible to be good without believing God.
Christians should recognise that this is true: we are made in God’s image and God preserves good in the world.

We need to thank God for ‘good’ atheists
Bible speaks of the idea of ‘common grace’.
That is, God cares for his world;
He maintains human society far more than any of us deserve.
One way he does that is to preserve something of his image in all people.
One reflection of that image is that people still have a sense of right and wrong and sometimes live from that. 

Paul in Romans 2 > Gentiles who “who do not have the law” but “do by nature things required by the law” (Romans 2:14).

Conscience is hard wired for us.
Paul’s point is not that any Gentiles are morally perfect but that Jews cannot pride themselves that they are better than Gentiles.
Gentiles, without the law of Moses, do the right thing, while the Jews, who do have the law, are often shown up as sinners by that very law (Romans 2:17-29).  

So the Bible doesn’t teach that only people who have proper beliefs can be good.
(The kind of goodness we are thinking of here is not an absolute goodness of lives lived in full devotion to God but the relative goodness of people who show care for their neighbours and act with a recognisable integrity).

But the discussion needs to go to another level.
The question is not whether atheists can be good, but whether atheism is as a worldview offers a vision of real goodness.
Can atheism really make sense of our moral experience or provide satisfying account of ethics/moral principles and values?  

(To put it another way) How do you think about ethics apart from God?

Consequentialism is one attempt to get ethics going without God. It holds acts are good or bad as depending on consequences. Good consequences are those which are preferred by people (or other beings) who are affected by an act.

Evolutionary ethics is another attempt to develop a non-theist ethic.
Human biology has developed a conscious concern for others and from this developed a capacity for making judgements about right and wrong.
The suggestion is that these developments proved to be advantageous for human beings and therefore should be promoted.

There are all sorts of problems with this conclusion.
Most of all: a naturalistic ethic can’t get a hold on the kind of principle of ‘justice’ that our sense of justice wants.
> A really satisfying ethic needs a compelling vision of goodness and justice.

Without God we can’t make sense of goodness (or justice or truth)

That is why God is basic to ethics.
Atheists will sometimes argue that morality was around a long time before religion (particularly Christianity).
Plato, however, thought that goodness, justice and truth existed in a transcendent realm which found a reflection in world we experience directly.
Without knowing the true and living God he had an inkling of a greater goodness which gives direction to life.
That seems to be an example of what Paul was talking about in Romans 1.
(Very different to the atheistic position which rejects any transcendent reality).

Meeting goodness.
We don’t have to settle for an inkling of what goodness is like, because God has revealed himself. The opening verses of 1 John say that in Jesus God has made himself available to be heard, seen and touched so we can have fellowship with him.

This God is “light” and in him is no darkness.
He is perfectly, thoroughly, ravishingly good.
So when we know him we are called to live in His light
He has made that possible through Jesus.
We have a wonderful compelling vision of goodness in Jesus.
We meet a God who is a servant and lover,
He gives up his own rights and power to suffer for his creation;
He loves the truth and is utterly faithful,
He faces lies and betrayal for our sake. > Cross.

When the atheist asks where we get the idea of God’s goodness from we point to Jesus’ life, death and resurrection.
Jesus doesn’t just show us what goodness is like…
He invites us into fellowship with him so we share in his goodness.

It is not easy to describe God’s goodness because it is so wonderfully immense.
Puritan: Stephen Charnock describes God’s goodness:
“A boundless goodness that knows no limits, a goodness as infinite as His essence, not only good, but best; not only good, but goodness itself, the supreme inconceivable goodness.”
The Bible speaks often, and with great delight, of God’s mercy, compassion, grace and patience. Psalm 34 is a wonderful reflection on God’s goodness.

It leads us through a contemplation of the signs of God’s goodness: he answers, saves his people and protects his people (Psalm 34:3-7, Psalm 34:17-20); he provides for his creation (v10); he judges the wicked (vv15-16). It also shows us how we respond to the good God: praising him (vv1-3); pointing others to him (v11); and taking our moral direction from him (vv13-14).

At the heart of the psalm is an expression of the deep joy and satisfaction that comes from fellowship with the good God: “Oh, taste and see that the LORD is good!” (v8), good in life comes from God (v12). Psalm 34 reflects on Israel’s experience of God. We can takes its words as ours with even greater confidence because of Jesus.
God cares for his people and his world and gives us satisfaction in fellowship with him through Christ

Ultimately an atheistic worldview leaves life barren and purposeless.
At the very best it offers us the chance to impose our own desires onto the world to make our own moral vision.
The reality of God is an invitation to live in fellowship with the Light and enjoy his light, to taste and see that he is good.
Our challenge is not just to show that this makes better sense than atheism but to live it well.

Atheism and the Real (inconvenient) God [Sermon Notes]

StNicholas Goulburn


Atheism and the Real (inconvenient) God
Sermon Notes from Sermon
presented by the Reverend Ross Hathway
on the 30th of April, 2017

Jeremiah 10:1-16; 1 Corinthians 8:1-6

Illustration:  In his Sydney Morning Herald column Peter Fitzsimons’ regularly mocks sports stars who attribute their success to God. He points out the problems with these claims. What’s going on when they don’t win? Is God off the job?
And what would happen if two divinely blessed teams clashed? Who would get the win then? The god who blesses you with sport wins is a nice god to have.
You can accuse Fitzsimons of taking cheap shots, but you have to admit that belief in God can be rather convenient and comfortable.

Today is the first of four sermons dealing with some issues facing Christians and particularly in the face of what is called the new Atheist movement.

 New Atheism, also called evangelical atheism[1] or, often pejoratively,[a][3] militant atheism and fundamentalist atheism,[2][4][5]is a movement promoted by some atheists of the twenty-first century.[6] This modern-day atheism and secularism is advanced by critics of religion,[7] a group of modern atheist thinkers and writers who advocate the view that superstition, religion and irrationalism should not simply be tolerated but should be countered, criticized, and exposed by rational argument wherever their influence arises in government, education and politics.[8] The phrase "New Atheism" was coined by Gary Wolf in a 2006 article in Wired magazine.[9]

Atheist criticism echoes the prophets and challenges us about which God we believe in.
When we respond to the atheist criticism we may have to reconsider our own view of God.
One of the themes of the new atheists is that the age old concept of God can be explained scientifically or naturally.
Their explanation is that our minds are wired to find patterns of explanation and a personal intentionality in the universe in order to give life meaning.
The role of religion is seen as creating and reinforcing social cohesion, unity structures.

These arguments got back to a German C19 philosopher who said religion is an expression of human consciousness, and the idea of God is a projection of human nature.
Humans need someone like us to be in control of affairs, so we embrace the idea of a divinity who reflects our nature and guarantees what we most desire.
Other people had said this but he went further and said religious faith is a problem.

This is an important question for Christians to face.
Perhaps believing in God is just a way of helping us cope with a big universe.
Is religion just a ‘crutch” to lean on.

That is, Is God a Human Invention? Interesting re the first 2 commandments,.
The prophets of the Old Testament made a similar point about idol worship etc. .
They mocked people whose gods were convenient and comfortable and controllable.
In Jeremiah 10 the prophet ridicules people who have to decorate their gods so they are beautiful and nail them down so they don’t fall over.
Even then they can’t talk or walk.
Jeremiah is shocked that living breathing people could bow down to lifeless figures.
The Israelites of the time were worshipping a fraud.
The result is that they are “senseless and without knowledge” and “shamed” by their  idols (Jeremiah 10:14).

The contrast with the true God is huge.
He is the great king and ruler, no one is like him (Jeremiah 10:6-7).
He made the whole universe by his wisdom and understanding and rules it all. F Collins.

Paul builds on the same ideas in 1 Corinthians 8, idols are nothing – only the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ is the true God.


Three points are worth making:

  • We must not be afraid to say that other gods are nothing.
    If we let people define ‘god’ broadly and not biblically then we have to agree that god doesn't exist.
    Our discussion is not about a general theistic god, but only the true and living God who is the Father of Jesus.
  • God must not be repackaged to make him more comfortable – we have to know him as transcendent, majestic, infinite, eternal and the God of wrath and judgement. Absolute knowledge of good and evil come from him.
  • Our thinking about God can be idolatrous, we can shrink the true God to a size that suits us. 

Here are some of the ways we try to repackage God: 
Policeman, parent, Grand Old Man, Heavenly Mate, Perfectionist, Busy God, Contractual God, Santa Claus, Divine Mr Fix-it, CEO, Magician, Military Chaplain, Backstage Manager, Murmuring Voice, Spoil Sport. Someone to Outsmart to Bless us. You can add to the list.  

So, how do we find and keep our idea of God true?
The short answer is: keep going back to the Bible.
We need to particularly look at Jesus to keep challenging our view of God.

The full scope of revelation in Jesus will blow apart our shallow ideas of God.
It turns out that God is more generous, more holy, more beautiful and more terrifying than we’d ever dream.
The God who made all things will call everyone to account and owes us no favours. Compared to him we count for nothing.
Remember Jeremiah 10:10: “the LORD is the true God …  the living God …  the eternal King, when he is angry, the earth trembles; the nations cannot endure his wrath.”
J.I Packer. “There are few things stressed more strongly in the bible than the reality of God as Judge”.
Yet this God takes on humanity and sinks to the depths of our pain.
He becomes obedient even to death and bears for us the burden we cannot bear.
He restores us to know and love him so we can be what we are truly meant to be. 

Knowing the true God in Jesus frees us from the prison of our own projected desires and returns us to true worship.
The new atheist philosopher lay bare the false gods, but can only offer a universe where we worship ourselves.

Conclusion.  “Are we falling into the trap of making our God too convenient?”…
An Inconvenient truth… Al Gore.
The God of the Bible is an inconvenient truth when people hear of Him.
But when we know him it makes sense and is wonderful.
For God is love. He has shown us the only way the only truth and the only Life… 

Being the Church

StNicholas Goulburn


Sermon Topic: Being the Church

Sermon Date:  17th September, 2017.

Sermon delivered by the Reverend Ross Hathway.

Bible Readings:
Genesis 2: 4-17

Being the Church.
(SERMON NOTES by Reverend Ross Hathway)

Genesis 2:4-17

I am indebted to Eugene Peterson’s book Practice Resurrection [link to Introduction of book] for much of the following thought. It was preached with illustrations by Reverend Ross Hathway, on 17th September, 2017, as an introduction to a series on Biblical Theology that is running concurrently with a series of Children’s addresses from the King Snake and Promise.  

 How do you measure a human being?

We cannot measure ourselves by examining ourselves in terms of ourselves, by evaluating ourselves against a non-relational abstraction such as ‘human potential’.

 Nor can we abstract God into an impersonal ‘truth’ apart from our hearing and responding to the words he uses to call us into life, into holiness, into relationship.

 We can understand neither God nor ourselves in any living, adequate and mature way that is an impersonal, non-relational way.
When God’s calling and our walking fit together, we are growing up in Christ.

 God calls us. He doesn’t hand out information to us.
He doesn’t explain. He neither condemns nor excuses.
He calls.
Adam in the garden disobeyed God’s command and broke the intimacy that had been created by God’s speech.
The equilibrium between God’s word and Adam’s walk was destroyed.
God called again and began the process of getting Adam back in relationship with the word that made him in the first place, setting him again in a position of responsiveness to God’s calling.
Later (Abram) Abraham in Ur was called by God to leave his country and go to Canaan.
There he would initiate the formation of a people of salvation.
Abraham set out, walked westward across the desert.
His responsiveness to God’s call resulted in Abraham becoming our father in the faith.

 God gave him a promise a covenant.

Land descendants and blessings. An undoing of what Adam did.

Then Moses tending sheep in Midian was called by name at the burning bush:
‘Moses! Moses!’ He heard his name called and learned the name of the One who called him: 

‘Yahweh.’ Moses’ personal response, his ‘walk’, to that personal call at the burning bush developed into a congregation of people walking out of Egypt through the sea into freedom.

We will see God calling David and Solomon and how they like Adam listened varyingly.

Jesus on the shores of Galilee called four disciples by name > became 12.
From Acts we have seen how they became the company that the Holy Spirit formed into the church at Pentecost.
A man named Saul walking on the road to Damascus to persecute Christians was stopped in his tracks by a voice that addressed him by name: ‘Saul! Saul!’

Like Moses 1,200 years before him, he learned the name of the One who called him by name; this time the name of the One who called was ‘Jesus’.
And in that calling Saul’s very own name was changed to Paul.
Saul was converted on the spot from chasing down Jesus followers to being a follower – Jesus’ call and Saul’s response became Paul’s walk. > Keep in step with the Spirit.

God speaks the decisive word that puts us on the way, the road, the path of life.
It is a word to be listened to and obeyed, a word that gets us going.
Fundamentally, it is a call: God calls us.

Application for us?
The response to God’s calling is walking. Walk is what we do.
We follow God’s call.
We respond with our lives.
We don’t start out by thinking about God.
God is not an idea.
We hear and respond. We obey.
But our obedience is not that of a mechanism/robot.
We hear our name and respond to the triune God --the One who calls us.

Call comes into our ears, bringing us into a way of life that has never been experienced in just this way before.
It’s a promise, a new thing, a blessing, our place in the new creation, a resurrection life.

When the calling and walking are in equilibrium, we are worthy.
We are in the balancing scales, in sensitive and simultaneous touch with the God whose name we know and the God who knows our name.
God calls; we walk, aware of the delicate, sensitive connection between call and walk,
It is a relation that is never one-sided but always reciprocal.

This is what it means to grow up in Christ, to live into maturity, to become worthy, healthy.
As our language matures in these God-initiated conversations along the Christian way, they become increasingly personal.

This is God’s yearning.
We are a bunch of different people united by Jesus, heeding God’s call on a journey.
And God uses us in calling others to join us.
As we study God’s walk with his people in the past and his supreme calling in Jesus may we truly know his blessing and the fulfillment of his promise.

The Gospel to the Philosophers

StNicholas Goulburn

Sermon Topic: The Gospel to the Philosophers

Sermon Date:  10th September, 2017.

The Reverend Ross Hathway preached.

Bible Readings:
Isaiah 40: 21-26
Acts 17: 16-34

Connections with the hearers, correcting their misconceptions, conversing with their ideological framework, convicting them of their compromises with their consciences in the light of their own intellectual commitment are critical steps. It is also necessary to confront them with their need of repentance towards God and faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, because of the coming day of Judgement. These are all the essential features of a dialogue that is distinctly Christian and Biblical.

Source for some of the content: Introducing the Athenians to God, by B.W. Winter

Suffering and God

StNicholas Goulburn


Sermon Topic: Suffering and God - 7th May, 2017.

The Reverend Ross Hathway preached on Suffering and God.

Bible Readings:
Ecclesiastes 2:1-26
John 1:1-18

Suffering and God
Sermon Notes

Ecclesiastes 2:1-26 & John 1:1-18

Introduction:   Suffering is the great argument against the existence of the Christian God. There is no neat answer to the ‘problem’ of suffering,
Sooner or later we will be asked “How can you believe in a totally true and powerful God given the evil which exists”.

The logical options seem to be:
- deny God’s goodness,
- deny God’s power or
- redefine evil so that it doesn’t really exist.

None of these responses work for the Biblical Christian.
Neither can we simply say, “It will be OK in the end”. Glib/platitudes.
Even the words of Romans 8:28 “in all things God works for the good of those who love him”, can seem sickening in the face of awful evil and suffering.

Important > the Bible gives us a perspective on suffering and evil which is deeper and more mysterious and more satisfying than a straight-forward explanation.

 In the face of suffering there are two things we need to know/remember:

  • How far the world is from what God intends and

  • The wonder of God’s work of redemption.

Ecclesiastes. The Preacher says life is a puzzle with key pieces missing.
The puzzle is that the world seems to be both wonderfully good and unjustly brutal.
Ecclesiastes doesn’t give us the whole Christian story.
It focuses on the confusion of living in the ruined world.
We can only start to make sense of that world when we know more about it.
And what we need to know can’t be guessed from how things are now.

Bible > only the message of God’s great redemption in Jesus gives us a way of making sense of things, including God.
Although the world has gone wrong, God has not given up on it.
John’s Gospel starts by saying that there is a “darkness” (John 1:5),
and that the world does not accept the Creator’s Word (John 1:10).
Yet the Word became flesh. (John 1:14)
John 3:16 > God’s love for the world means that he sent Jesus to save, rather than condemn.
So the Christian message is that how things are now is not what God intended, nor how they will remain.
We only know that God is powerful and good because of Jesus.
God’s is committed to redeeming the world through Jesus.
A day will come when “the creation itself will be liberated from its bondage to sin and decay and brought into the freedom and glory of the children of God” (Romans 8:18-21).
That only happens through Jesus.
What has gone wrong with our world because of human disobedience, is undone by God when he takes on humanity for himself and lives the life we should have lived and dies the death which is the curse for our rebellion against Him.
When Jesus rose from the dead God was redeeming his people from sin and corruption, and also repairing and glorifying the whole ruined cosmos. 

God redeems our ruined world and us as ruined creatures from the inside…
He does it by the incarnation and the fully human life and death of Jesus.
God puts himself into his creation, he bears our pain and suffering, he carries the curse we deserved in order to put things right.

God does not stand apart from our suffering and pain and struggle, he saves us by taking part in that struggle.
God’s great work of redemption in Christ is the reason that Christians have hope.
The promise that death and corruption and pain will be done away with is based on God’s victory over them in Jesus.

This means that we don’t have a neat logical answer to the problem of evil and suffering.
Important > However the logical problem is not the real problem of evil.
The real problem is that we are trapped in it and suffer from and are guilty of it.
What does Gospel tells us we can say about evil and suffering?

Don’t talk as if suffering and evil make sense  
Christians sometimes talk and write as if we can explain why there is evil.
I’ve heard people claim that there had to be evil so that God’s glory would be shown fully, or so that humans could exercise free choice, or so that God could save sinners. None of those are explanations that the Bible gives for evil, and they are too neat/simple. 

Christians do not have a nice neat answer to the problem of evil,
The Christian answer is not to explain evil.
There is a mystery about God and His will which we can’t explain…
but the Gospel declares that God is good & loving and has overcome evil and will end it.

What the world is like is no guide to what God is like.
When people decide there is not a good God because of the way things are now they are making up their mind without getting the whole story. (for example, A.B. Facey).
If we leave Jesus out of the picture it rules out the most important way in which God shows his power and goodness.

Recognise the reality and depth of the problem of suffering and evil.
Of all the questions people ask about God this is the most penetrating/painful.
We must not treat it as if it is dealt with easily.
Logically it is difficult.
Experientially suffering and evil can be crippling and soul-destroying.

God will save his people from the suffering of the world, but now he saves them through the suffering of the world. Christians of all people, as we follow a crucified messiah, demonstrate how to deal with the reality of suffering.

People need the hope of the Gospel not clever answers about evil.
As with the Apostles we are to acknowledge the question of death and then declare the hope of the gospel.

When we ask questions about God and suffering, we are asking about a God who has entered into our suffering in order to undo the mess. 

Can atheists really ask about evil?
We can ask atheists what basis they have for knowing what is good and evil.
How do they know that the world is wrong and not the way it should be?
Why are human atrocities really atrocious?
An atheist can’t develop an answer which is fully convincing.
However, Christians recognise that no one can escape the ideas of goodness & rightness.
We live in a world that still echoes with God’s goodness.
Even when people are trying their hardest to get away from God and his ways; they still feel the powerful pull of His goodness, beauty and truth. (The next sermon focuses on this point).